Anglo-Saxon in origin, the concept of telework is strongly linked to developments in information and communication technologies. In France, telework appeared for the first time in 1978 in a study on the computerization of society.
- What is telework?
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of telework?
- What trades to do in telework?
WHAT IS TELEWORK?
Definition of telework
Telework designates a work organization which consists, for the teleworker, in carrying out, on a voluntary and regular basis, work which could have been carried out on the employer’s premises, outside of these premises using Information Technology and Communication (computers, internet, tablets, phones, etc.)
- The main principles of telework
The teleworker is a fully-fledged employee.
- Teleworking is based on volunteering; it is only at the request of the employee that it can be set up and cannot be imposed on him.
- The use of new technologies is essential: mastering software, being comfortable with this form of work, and being able to communicate your work by email is essential for the implementation of telework.
The rules governing telework were relaxed in 2017 to facilitate their implementation. Since then, this notion of work can be occasional and is not necessarily regular. This allows teleworkers to exercise their profession in telework on a transport strike day, for example.
The law provides, in the event of force majeure or in exceptional circumstances, the implementation of telework as “workstation layout made necessary to allow the continuity of the activity of the company and guarantee the protection of employees”. In these circumstances, the employee cannot refuse to telecommute, this is the current case with the coronavirus crisis.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF TELEWORK?
With more than 5.2 million employees affected, telework has entered a new era. This form of work organization is essential today for millions of workers worldwide.
The Benefits of Telework
Telework allows workers, at first, to have more freedom and better manage their time on a daily basis; no waste of time in transport or traffic jams.
Another gain from teleworking is flexibility in working hours and greater autonomy in the management and organization of tasks. The teleworker can thus divide his day as he wishes and works at the hours which allow him to be the most efficient and the most productive.
Finally, reconciliation and balance between private and professional life is better. The teleworker can spend more time with the family, for example in the morning before starting to work, between noon and two and in the evening when there are no office-to-home journeys and thus offers them more free time.
The limits of telework
The first risk is social isolation, the lack of contact and exchanges with others sometimes present a handicap. Team cohesion is limited and for a manager, it is often more difficult to manage his team remotely.
Working in the home office presents many risks of drifts, the worker is more inclined to distraction. Indeed, he is likely to be faced with demotivation and loss of productivity due to a different “working environment”.
Finally, in order to limit isolation, it is advisable to keep in regular contact with customers, providers, and suppliers.